Schools in Nigeria: An Assessment of Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene in Sokoto State


  • Yusuf Sarkingobir Lecturer, Department of Environmental Education, Shehu Shagari University of Education Sokoto, Nigeria. E-Mail:
  • Abbas Abubakar Hiliya Lecturer, Department of Educational Management, Shehu Shagari University of Education Sokoto, Nigeria. E-Mail:
  • Kabiru Umar Lecturer, Department of Adult and Non-Formal Education, Shehu Shagari College of Education Sokoto, Nigeria. E-Mail:


Infectious diseases, chronic diseases, toilets,, malnutrition


The aim of this study is to assess the level of water, sanitation, and hygiene services in public secondary schools in Sokoto, state Nigeria using a survey study design of 120 student-teacher respondents determined using Raosoft Calculator. The study design was descriptive survey that allows the researcher to have an in-depth understanding of perception of the respondent. The outcome of water services supplies at public secondary schools in Sokoto state, Nigeria divulged an overall basic service as 25.0%, the limited services recorded are 25.0%, and no services were recorded in 50.0% of the schools. Survey on level of sanitation has shown that 40.0% have basic sanitation, 20.0% have limited sanitation, and 40.0% have no sanitation services at all. The result showing the level of hygiene services indicates that, the secondary schools surveyed have 8.3% hygiene services, 25.0% have limited hygiene services, and 66.7% of the schools have no hygiene services at all. From this study, it has indicated that there are significantly poor wash services in public secondary schools in the state, and in turn could pose public health problems to the school actors (especially the youngsters, girls and women teachers), the surrounding public, and the entire society at large..




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How to Cite

Yusuf Sarkingobir, Abbas Abubakar Hiliya, & Kabiru Umar. (2023). Schools in Nigeria: An Assessment of Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene in Sokoto State. Archives of Educational Studies (ARES), 2(2), 223–242. Retrieved from