Influence of Overcrowded Classrooms on Students’ Academic Performance in Secondary Schools of Nigeria


  • A. Abubakar Lecturer, Educational Management Department, Shehu Shagari University of Education, Sokoto, Nigeria. E-Mail:
  • Attahiru Madawaki Sokoto State Teachers Board, Sokoto, Nigeria. E-Mail:
  • Abubakar Naabu Lecturer, Department of Guidance and Counseling, Shehu Shagari University of Education, Sokoto, Nigeria. E-Mail:


Students assessment, academic performance, crowd, Sokoto, Nigeria, quality teaching


The study was conducted to find out the influence of overcrowded classrooms in teaching and learning process on students’ academic performance in selected secondary schools in Sokoto South local government area, Sokoto state. A sample of four principals, eight vice principals, one hundred and forty teachers, three hundred and thirty-eight students were selected for the study. A self-constructed questionnaire was used. Data obtained was analyzed using simple frequency and percentage to answer research questions, Pearson product moment correlation coefficient was used to test the hypothesis at 0.05 level of significance. Results indicated a positive correlation between teacher/students ratio and students’ academic performance; and there is a weak negative correlation between availability of instructional materials and students’ academic performance. Study concluded that, teacher/students’ ratio demand has a great influence on students’ academic performance. Thereby allowing the teacher to render what is expected of him/her to the students, availability of instructional facilities has no any bearings with students’ academic performance. The study recommends among others that, government should device means of obtaining qualitative, competent, and competent teachers so as to meet teacher/students ratio of 1:35/40 for primary and secondary school respectively, not only matter of quantity.




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How to Cite

A. Abubakar, Attahiru Madawaki, & Abubakar Naabu. (2023). Influence of Overcrowded Classrooms on Students’ Academic Performance in Secondary Schools of Nigeria . Archives of Educational Studies (ARES), 2(2), 258–276. Retrieved from